DEFINITION OF ‘RESIDUAL BENEFIT’
A benefit provided by a disability insurance that provides the policyholder with part of the total benefits outlined in the policy. The residual benefit is typically calculated as a percentage of the total disability benefit.
INVESTOPEDIA EXPLAINS ‘RESIDUAL BENEFIT’
Disability insurance provides benefits to policyholders who are injured or unable to work because of health issues. Policies provide a base benefit, which is the monthly amount of income that the policyholder will receive if he or she is unable to work. In order to receive the benefit, the policyholder has to demonstrate that he or she cannot work at all. The benefit may prove ineffectual if the policyholder goes back to work. A residual benefit allows the policyholder to receive some of the disability benefit, once s/he gets back into the workforce – even if only part-time.
Residual benefits are typically calculated as a percentage of both the policyholder’s loss of earnings and the benefit that the policyholder would receive if he or she was unable to work. For example, say a worker who has a disability policy sustains an injury that prevents him from working full-time. The worker is physically able to be on the job part-time, and is able to earn 60% of the amount that he used to earn. The disability policy pays out $1,500 a month as normal benefits. The residual benefit is calculated by taking the amount of income loss (which is 40%) and multiplying it by the normal disability benefit of $1.500. The resulting residual benefit comes to $600 a month (40% x $1500).
Policies may restrict the amount of part-time earnings relative to full-time, pre-disability earnings. This restriction may be a maximum benefit per month or a maximum percentage of pre-disability earnings. For example, an employee may have purchased a policy with a monthly maximum benefit of $5,000, but may have a pre-disability income of $80,000. The difference between pre-disability income and annual benefits is $20,000 ($80,000 – $60,000), or a cap of 75%.
Residual benefits apply to temporary disabilities. If the policyholder remains injured and is only able to work part-time, the residual benefit may continue to be paid out until the maximum benefit period has been reached.